Children’s geographical learning starts with the familiar and slowly builds outwards, from Hatherley, to the UK, to Europe, South America and Africa. Their understanding of how their local area fits into the wider world is therefore gradually accrued. Understanding of physical geography also starts with the familiar: from the seaside in Year 1 to mountains and volcanoes in Year 3. More in-depth studies allow children to develop their understanding of the interactions between physical and human geography.
Progression within the curriculum is clear: it starts with what is familiar to children and extends outwards. Progression in fieldwork skills is built across units, with the local area units offering rich opportunities for mapping, technical drawing and exploring their environment in a concrete physical way. Other units offer scope for children to use digital resources, globes, atlases and Geographical Information Systems to explore regions.